What is Anime?

Anime is a form of media.

This media is comparable to comic books, broadcast stations or web browsers. With a vast collection of genres, this media appeals to a broad range of people.

History of Anime

Anime derives from the term animation. Japanese animation has changed throughout the years, with inspirations from western animation and the art style from China. Here is a brief breakdown of Japanese anime history.

anime7.jpg1917: Japanese started animation in home studios. Inspired by American cartoons, the Japanese created 1- 5 minute clips of traditional Japanese art styles and oriental folk tales by using one to three reels. (Movie Reel, November 17, 2006)

1924: The first anime that is still in existence is created. “The Mountain Where Old Women Are Abandoned.” This is the silent anime era. Anime was also known to come in a silhouette form at this time.

1930’s : Japanese anime started creating more westernized anime with fast pace humor and military animation.

1937: Japan went to war with china and because of the military animation, the government censored related militaristic propaganda cartoons.

1940: Animation returned to film makers but was hampered for 2 decades because of ww2 plans.

1955: First full-coloured Japanese animation.

1960-1970: Japanese animation began to follow western studios. Yoji Kuri was the first Japanese animator to be known as an international animator. He made films that were usually less than a minute long.

1970 - 1985: more giant robot and outer space adventure anime.

A more in-depth look at the history of Japanese animation can be found here (History of Anime, November 12, 2006).

(Image of Collage November 23, 2006)

Stereotypes about Anime

"Regardless of the reason behind stereotyping anime, the main reason that people may do so is because of ignorance", says Frank Sanchez (Anime Stereotypes, November 19, 2006).

external image PH5.gif Some people may have seen a certain series of anime and felt that it may not be to their likings. This could be because the person was forced into watching something or that they came upon it themselves. Regardless, if a person feels this way and does not continue learning about that anime, they will not learn about the variety of categories that this media has to offer. They may even generalize or place stereotypes on what they think anime is. A majority of people believe that anime is about fantasy and action; some evidence of this can be found under the Otaku results section.

stereotpe.jpgAnime is a form of media, with many genres, and can cater for a wide audience. Eri Izawa states in “What are Magna and Anime” that the U.S.A. views anime as kids stuff, similar to that of comics. Izawa's essay goes on to say that even children shows in Japan are simplified even more when brought to American television. This author states, “ the U.S. version … seems determined to run away from such realities of life." (What are Magna and Anime, November 12, 2006) Such censorship provide stereotypes for anime.
(Anime not stereotype Image November 25, 2006)

Anime has a variety of genres. Some situations that people could have been in when thinking about anime or looking at anime can be found (Anime First Impressions,November 16, 2006)

Anime Fans

"One of anime's biggest appeals to its fans is its diversity with regards to its age group."
- Frank Sanchez (Anime Age Displacement, November 16, 2006)

The content varies for all age groups and isn't specified alone to that age group. Anime has developed into a medium that has something for everyone.

There are many anime conventions and forums that anime fans can go to and expand their knowledge about anime. A well known anime convention is Otakon. Otakon posted the amount of members that have signed up for the Otakon convention that occurs every year. (Otakon Data, November 15, 2006). Their statistics have shown an increase in membership every year, with a total of 22,302 members in 2006. Their convention "Anime Expo" had a "47% increase in attendance" from 2003 to 2004. It was also the first North American anime convention to have 25, 000 attendees.(Anime Expo Attendance, November 15, 2006). There is also a very heavy traffic flow on anime forums. Statistics of traffic flow for some anime sites can be found here. (Anime Nation Traffic Statistics, November 15, 2006).

Most of the anime fans notice that anime media is censored in the western culture. Because of this, not all anime fans in the western society will look at tv to find what they like. Many times anime fans will have to go to anime stores, conventions or search the web to find something they enjoy.

Stereotypes about Anime Fans

Many people to have stereotypes about anime fans would call an anime fan an Otaku. Otakû s translates to "geek" or dangerously obsessed fan. (Otaku Definition,November 12, 2006)

FatMan_1(2).jpgAnime has a variety of genres and categories that are catered for different audiences. Many stereotypes state that anime is only for adults or only for kids; but similar to magazines or broadcast stations, anime has a wide selection. The stereotypes made about anime and how those stereotypes are made are also being placed onto those who enjoy anime. Anime fans are being categorized by "adult anime" or "kids anime" and those who stereotype anime fans figure that they dress up in costumes and speak Japanese. (Anime Fans, November 16, 2006). Possible reasons some might have for this misconception may be because of censorship in the western culture or similar reasons why people have stereotypes about anime.

Rosemary Feil has her own story about how others make her feel as an anime fan. (Anime Her Way, November 20, 2006)

Where can you find Anime?

Certain anime shows can be seen on the television. However, other places people can go to expand their knowledge are:
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1. Libraries
2. Forums
3. Anime Clubs
4. Conventions
5. Browse the Internet for Anime

To get started, here are a variety of genres.
As one of the Anime survey participants said,
Anime content is " everything under the sun and beyond."


Anime Age Displacement (November 16, 2006)
Anime Audience (November 16, 2006)
Anime Expo Attendance (November 15, 2006)
Anime Fans (November 16, 2006)
Anime First Impressions (November 16, 2006)
Anime Her Way (November 20, 2006)
Anime Nation Traffic Statistics (November 15, 2006)
Anime Stereotypes (November 16, 2006)
Anime Sub-Genres (November 16, 2006)
History about Anime (November 12, 2006)
Movie Reel (November 17, 2006)
Otakon Data (November 15, 2006)
Otaku Definition (November 12, 2006)
Proud Anime Fan (November 16, 2006)
What Are Magna and Anime (November 12, 2006)

Image References

Image of Collage (November 23, 2006)
Anime not Stereotype Image (November 25, 2006)
Anime Kid Image(November 25, 2006)
Available Anime Image (November 25, 2006)